December 20, 2020 by eklose
While the framework agreement provides a framework in which each of Yukon`s 14 First Nations will reach a final claims settlement agreement, all provisions of the UFA are part of each First Nation final agreement (FNF). The final agreements contain the entire text of the framework agreement with the addition of specific provisions applicable to the First Nation. The current process began in 1973 with the publication of Together Today For our Children Tomorrow by chef Elijah Smith. Negotiations took place in the late 1970s and early 1980s, culminating in an agreement that was ultimately rejected. Land rights are established in areas of Canada where Aboriginal land rights have not been governed by previous contracts or other legal means. In the Yukon, a number of modern contracts of the future, also known as final agreements, have been negotiated to settle these land rights. Negotiations resumed in the late 1980s and culminated in 1990 with the final umbrella agreement (UFA). The UFA serves as a framework or presentation of individual agreements with each of yukon`s 14 federally recognized First Nations. It was signed in 1993 and the four First Nations ratified their focal claim agreements in 1995. To date (January 2016), eleven of the 14 First Nations have signed and ratified an agreement.
Currently, white River First Nation, Liard First Nation and Ross River Dena Council are not negotiating. They remain Indian groups under the Federal Indian Act.  Other provisions of the Land Claims Agreement are the removal of tax exemptions for the Yukon First Nations (in effect January 1, 2001), a restriction of the hunting rights of other Aboriginal people in the traditional territory of each First Nation, etc. Finally, Smith provides an update on privatized research on progress in the Yukon. He says Yukon First Nations are going to do research, but it needs to benefit their own communities rather than outside. Smith refers to the organizations needed to manage land, money and programs in the Yukon.  He concluded: “The first five years of implementation will show whether this colony will be able to do for our children what we plan to do.”  Any land agreement is accompanied by an autonomy agreement that gives First Nations the right to legislate in a number of areas. These agreements give First Nations the power to control and direct their own affairs and outline a First Nation`s ability to assume responsibility for providing programs or services to its citizens.  Yukon`s claims refer to the process of negotiating and implementing Aboriginal land agreements in Yukon, Canada, between First Nations and the federal government.
On the basis of historical occupation and exploitation, First Nations claim fundamental rights in all countries. After many years of negotiations and the hard work of many visionary leaders, the historic final agreement of the Umbrella (UFA) was signed in 1993. It provided the model for the negotiation of individual land agreements (called “final agreements”) with each Yukon nation. Unlike most other Canadian foeal claims that apply only to status Indians, Yukon First Nations insisted that the agreements involve all those they considered to be part of their nation, whether they were recognized as status Indians or not under federal government rules. In 1973, the Yukon Indian Brotherhood and the Yukon Association of Non-Status Indians founded the Yukon Indian Council (YC) to negotiate a land agreement.